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Landscape Architecture and Its Impact on Property Value in Indonesia

Landscape architecture, an interdisciplinary field that encompasses the design, planning, and management of land, plays an instrumental role in augmenting property values.

The intricate balance between aesthetics, functionality, and environmental sustainability can drastically elevate the appeal of a property. Indonesia, with its rich ecological and cultural tapestry, provides a unique context for understanding this relationship. This essay probes the scientific underpinnings behind the impact of landscape architecture on property values in Indonesia.

1. Ecological Context and Microclimate Creation

In tropical countries like Indonesia, properties benefit from the creation of a microclimate through landscape design. Scientific studies indicate that well-planned vegetation can reduce ambient temperatures, thereby reducing energy costs and enhancing comfort (Akbari, 2002). Furthermore, trees and water elements can enhance air quality, providing tangible health benefits and making a property more appealing to potential buyers.

2. Biodiversity Enhancement

Indonesia, as part of the Coral Triangle, boasts some of the world's richest biodiversity (Veron et al., 2009). Landscape designs that incorporate native flora can encourage local fauna, creating a haven for biodiversity. This not only contributes to ecological conservation but also increases the aesthetic and experiential value of a property.

3. Socio-cultural Relevance

Scientifically, cultural elements contribute significantly to the psychological well-being of residents (Chatterjee & Noble, 2013). By integrating traditional Indonesian elements, landscape architecture can foster a sense of belonging and pride, elements that prospective property buyers may find attractive.

4. Urbanization and Mental Health

The rapid urbanization witnessed in cities like Jakarta is associated with heightened stress and reduced psychological well-being (Lederbogen et al., 2011). Green spaces, even small pockets within residential areas, have been scientifically linked to improved mental health (van den Berg et al., 2010). Hence, properties that offer these green sanctuaries command a premium.

5. Sustainable Practices and Long-term Cost Efficiency

Environmentally sustainable landscape designs, such as those incorporating water-saving measures or using locally sourced materials, are not just eco-friendly but also cost-effective in the long run. Studies indicate that sustainable properties have a higher market value and are more attractive to informed consumers (Eichholtz et al., 2010).

6. Aesthetic Value and Neurological Impact

The appeal of a well-designed landscape isn't merely subjective. Neuroscientific research has shown that exposure to aesthetically pleasing environments can stimulate positive neurological responses, including the release of dopamine (Biederman & Vessel, 2006). Properties that harness this through landscape architecture naturally have a higher perceived value.


The intricate relationship between landscape architecture and property value in Indonesia can be viewed through various scientific lenses, from ecology to neuroscience. By blending design with nature, culture, and sustainability, landscape architecture not only enhances the immediate appeal of a property but also ensures long-term value retention in the face of changing urban dynamics and environmental challenges. In the context of Indonesia, this blend is both a necessity and an opportunity, with potential economic, social, and environmental dividends.


  • Akbari, H. (2002). Shade trees reduce building energy use and CO2 emissions from power plants. Environmental Pollution, 116, S119-S126.

  • Veron, J. E. N., Hoegh-Guldberg, O., Lenton, T. M., Lough, J. M., Obura, D. O., Pearce-Kelly, P., ... & Rogers, A. D. (2009). The coral triangle and climate change: ecosystems, people and societies at risk. WWF Australia, Brisbane.

  • Chatterjee, H. J., & Noble, G. (2013). Museums, health and well-being. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

  • Lederbogen, F., Kirsch, P., Haddad, L., Streit, F., Tost, H., Schuch, P., ... & Meyer-Lindenberg, A. (2011). City living and urban upbringing affect neural social stress processing in humans. Nature, 474(7352), 498-501.

  • van den Berg, A. E., Maas, J., Verheij, R. A., & Groenewegen, P. P. (2010). Green space as a buffer between stressful life events and health. Social science & medicine, 70(8), 1203-1210.

  • Eichholtz, P., Kok, N., & Quigley, J. M. (2010). Doing well by doing good? Green office buildings. The American Economic Review, 100(5), 2492-2509.

  • Biederman, I., & Vessel, E. A. (2006). Perceptual pleasure and the brain. American Scientist, 94(3), 247-253.


© 2020 by CONIFER: Landscape Architecture & Master Planning Studio

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